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Educational System in Russia

Educational System in Russia

Educational System in Russia

General education in Russia is free and available for everyone. It usually begins with pre-school before the age of six, although it is not compulsory. Then there is primary education, which lasts for four years; basic general education lasting for five years and secondary education which lasts for two years.

The academic year typically runs from 1 September which is celebrated as The Day of Knowledge. On this day primary school students usually dress up in black and white festive uniform and give flowers to their teachers. The day also involves the First Bell where a first grade girl is lifted on the shoulders of an 11th grade male pupil, and paraded around, ringing the first bell of the school year.

The Russian school year is comprised of 4 terms with vacations in between; 1 week in November, 2 weeks in January, 1 week in March and nearly 3 months in summer.

A typical lasts 45 minutes with a 10 minute break in between. In primary school students have 4 classes a day. This increases to 5 or 6 classes a day in secondary school, and 6 or 7 at a senior high school. A normal class consists of 20-30 students. Meals are organized in school canteens where pupils can eat lunches or buy pastry and drinks on their own.

In primary school, pupils have one teacher for all the subjects taught. Some subjects are mandatory such as Russian literature, Russian language, Russian History, World History, Maths and Sciences. Every school designs its own curriculum, which is based on state requirements, and there can be some extra or optional disciplines. In winter pupils go to ski in the school yard during their PE lessons.

Students are normally graded on a scale from 2 - 5, with 5 being the top grade. Each student has a student’s record book, in which teachers record the given grades. Criticism by the teacher in front of the class is frequent. If a student does not perform to standard, they will be ‘left back’ to remain another year.

After completing primary and basic general education (9 years), the students participate in final examinations. A student gets a certificate which entitles to enter secondary general education, vocational schools or non-university level higher education. Such institutions used to be called technikum but now most of them are known as colleges.

After completing the secondary general education, the students need to pass the State final attestation (final examinations). The school leaving certificate will allow students to continue to higher education.

The Last School Bell is celebrated in St. Petersburg with the most massive and famous public event called The Scarlet Sails. The tradition is highly popular for its spectacular fireworks, numerous music concerts, and a massive water show. In 2010, it’s public attendance grew to 3 million, and entertainers were such stars as the Cirque du Soleil, Mariinsky Ballet and Antonio Banderas, among others.
Higher education is provided by public and non-public (non-State) accredited institutions. The students who are admitted to state-funded places on a competitive basis or who are awarded a government scholarship study free-of-charge. Those students receive an allowance (the average monthly allowance in 2017 is RUB 1,340/EUR 23).

St. Petersburg is considered to be a with the most affordable higher education. The tuition fee at Russian universities varies from 1000-6000 EUR per school year depending on the region, university, and discipline. In St Petersburg State University the average price per year (bachelor program) is 3600 EUR.

The system of education in Russia has considerably changed over the past five years. Universities have begun implementing a system similar to that of Britain and the USA: 4 years for a Bachelor's degree and 2 years for a Master's degree. These changes are still in progress; some universities offer the new system, others still work according to the prior 5-year system. The change is made to give the students an opportunity to get Master degree either in or outside of Russia.

A Bachelor degree program usually takes 4 years of full-time studying. In medicine, the first stage lasts for 6 years. This degree is awarded in all fields (except Medicine) after carrying out a final research project under the guidance of a supervisor and sitting for final state exams.

Those who hold a Bachelor can enter a Master degree program. To obtain the Master degree students must carry out a year of research with the objective of preparing and defending a thesis.